Tag: historical places in lahore

Historical places in Pakistan

Historical places in Pakistan

Posted By : TourGurupk/ 60 0

Historical Places in Pakistan

There are many Historical places in Pakistan. some of them are as:

 

Mohenjo-Daro

Mohenjo-Daro is probably the most beautiful historic lace in the country which is popular all throughout the world. It is part of the Larkana District of the province of Sindh and it is just at the right bank of the powerful River Indus. The archeological remains of the place take us back into history till 3000BC. So, this makes it a 5000 years old city which is the oldest amenities known to man after the Chinese. It was also the urbanized and the largest amenities in South Asia. They were first found in the year 1922 but, it was the year 1965 when significant excavations were completed. Now, people come from all over the places to witness this famous site.

Lahore Fort and the Shalamar Gardens – Historical places in Pakistan

These places of Lahore tell about the charismatic methodology of the Mughal family when it comes to making some really attention-grabbing beautiful creations. They both are different places and the royal complexes of the memorable Mughal era. The Fort is very prominently established in the northwest part of the Lahore city which has been renewed several times during its history. The Shalamar Gardens on the different side is the Royal Mughal Gardens with beautiful gardens, fountains and beautiful creations. It was constructed by Shah Jahan in the year 1642.

Makli – Historical places in Pakistan

Makli is really a necropolis in the popular and the famous city of Thatta. The story of Makli dates back to the 14th century. People gather here from various parts of the country and also from outside Pakistan for witnessing the amazing buildings and the monuments in the country. The best thing about the place is that it is made with the use of some really top quality stone, shiny tiles and the bricks which represents the real Sindh civilization of the time.

Takht-i-Bahi – Historical places in Pakistan

The literal meaning of Takht-i-Bahi is the ‘spring throne’ which refers to the monastic complex of the Buddhists dating back to the 1st century BC. It is located right up to a 152 m hill and the place is about 16 km from Mardan city and some 80 odd km from the Peshawar city. It has four important parts which are its Stupas courts, monastic complex, tantric complex and a temple complex.

Taxila

Taxila is a great archeological site that is very much approachable and nearby the capital city of Pakistan, Islamabad. The history of this city takes us back to the Gandhara era and now it exists the ruins of that civilization. It used to be a very critical place in history for the Hindus and the Buddhists. Further, it still is a great place for visitors and also sacred for the people who follow Hinduism or Buddhism traditions.

Minar-e-Pakistan

The real meaning of Minar-e-Pakistan is the ‘Tower of Pakistan’. It is situated right at the heart of Lahore city and it took about 8 years to complete in the year 1968. The history of this place is that the famous Lahore judgment in the year 1940 was passed at this location by the founder of Pakistan, Quaid-e-Azam. It has huge gardens all around it and has become one of the finest famous visitor spots of Pakistan.

Rohtas Fort – Historical places in Pakistan

This fort was actually built as a garrison by the then ruler of the area, Sher Shah Suri. It is located near Jhelum, Punjab at a distance of just about 15 km. This fort is loved by all because of its exceptional architecture and apart from this it also beautifully reflects the Islamic architecture of the military. It was made with the help of the architectural intelligence of the designers from the Indian subcontinent & Turkey. It has a very strategic location on top of the hill which gave the then army a good chance to protect themselves against the Ghakkars. Also, read about Shigar Fort.

Badshahi Mosque

The Royal Badshahi Mosque is one of the oldest mosques of the region which was constructed in the Mughal Era by the Glorious Emperor Aurangzeb. It was constructed in the year 1671 and today it is the second biggest mosque in the country after Shah Faisal Mosque. Badshahi Mosque can accommodate as much as 100,000 worshippers at a time when all its halls and courtyards are occupied. It was still 1986, that this famous mosque was known as the biggest mosque in the world. But, with Shah Faisal Masjid including several other mosques in the whole world were built which were bigger than this one. But, that doesn’t take away any credit from this mosque as it is still one of the most regularly visited historical places in Pakistan.

Quaid’s Residency – Historical places in Pakistan

Quaid’s Residency is the last place where the great leader Jinnah spent the last few months of his life. It is located in Ziarat which is a pleasant hill station some 3 hours’ drive from the Quetta city of Baluchistan province. Quaid’s Residency has historic importance for the entire nation as the ailing Quaid was advised by his doctors to live in a peaceful area such as Ziarat. It was because of the fresh mountain air and the fragrance of the place which convinced Jinnah to live here.

Islamia College

Islamia College is located in the historic city of Peshawar and it was built by Nawab Abdul Qayyum and George Kepel. It has great historic relevance as the idea here was to develop not only an educational building but also to give a platform for boosting the much needed political activities of the time. It is still in Peshawar and serving students with all the modern knowledge of the time. During the independence movement for Pakistan, Jinnah thrice visited this college to support the youth.

Lahore Fort is a Beautiful Place in Pakistan

Lahore Fort is a Beautiful Place in Pakistan

Posted By : TourGurupk/ 77 0

Lahore Fort is a Beautiful Place in Pakistan

Lahore Fort

The Lahore Fort or Shahi Qila is a castle in the city of Lahore, Pakistan. The fortress is established at the northern end of Lahore’s Walled City and covers over an area greater than 20 hectares. It includes 21 famous monuments, some of which date to the era of Emperor Akbar. The Lahore Fort is famous for having been almost completely rebuilt in the 17th century when the Mughal Empire was at the height of its glory and opulence. Though the position of the Lahore Fort has been populated for millennia, the first record of a strong structure at the site was in regard to an 11th-century mud-brick fort. The bases of the modernized Lahore Fort date to 1566 during the reign about Emperor Akbar, who presented the fort with a syncretic structural style that featured both Islamic and Hindu themes. Additions from the Shah Jahan period are described by expensive marble with inlaid Persian floral designs, while the fort’s grand and iconic Alamgiri Gate was constructed by the last of the great Mughal Emperors, Aurangzeb, and faces the famous Badshahi Mosque. After the breakdown of the Mughal Empire, the Lahore Fort was used as the habitation of Ranjit Singh, founder of the Sikh Empire. The fort then passed to British colonialists after they attached Punjab following their success over the Sikhs at the Battle of Gujrat in February 1849. In 1981, the fort was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its “excellent repertoire” of Mughal monuments beginning from the period when the empire was at its beautiful and appreciative zenith.

Delhi Sultanate

The first historical reference to a fort at the place is from the 11th century during the rule of Mahmud of Ghazni. The fort was constructed of mud and was destroyed in 1241 by the Mongols during their attack of Lahore. A new fort was built in 1267 at the site by Sultan Balban of the Turkic Mamluk administration of the Delhi Sultanate. The re-built fort was destroyed in 1398 by the invading armies of Timur, only to be reconstructed by Mubarak Shah Sayyid in 1421, In the 1430s, the fort was controlled by Shaikh Ali of Kabul and remained under the control of the Pashtun sultans of the Lodi family until Lahore was occupied by the Mughal Emperor Babur in 1524.

 

Mughal Era

Akbar Period

The use of elephant-shaped standard brackets indicates Hindu attractions on the syncretic structural style of Emperor Akbar. The present design and construction of the fort trace its origins to 1575 when the Mughal Emperor Akbar owned that site as a post to secure the northwest frontier of the empire. The important area of Lahore, inside the Mughal empires & the palaces of Kabul, Multan, and Kashmir necessitated the dismantling of the old mud-fort and support with solid block masonry. High palaces were established over time, along with lush green gardens. Important Akbar period structures involved the Doulat Khana-e-Khas-o-Am, Jharoka-e-Darshan, and Akbari Gate. Many Akbari structures were modified or replaced by consequent rulers.

Jahangir period

The fort’s extensive Picture Wall dates from the Jahangir period.

Emperor Jahangir first mentions his modifications to the fort in 1612 when representing the Maktab Khana. Jahangir also added the Kala Burj arcade, which emphasizes European-inspired angels on its arched ceiling. British visitants to the fort noted Catholic iconography during the Jahangir period, with paintings of the Madonna and Jesus discovered in the fort complex. In 1606, Guru Arjan of the Sikh religion was imprisoned at the fort before his death. Jahangir gave the massive Picture Wall, a 1,450 feet (440 m) by 50 feet (15 m) wall which is exquisitely furnished with a vigorous array of shiny tile, faience mosaics, and frescoes.  The Mosque of Mariyam Zamani Begum was built near to the forts eastern walls when the reign of Jahangir. While the mosque likely served as a Friday congregational mosque for members of the Royal Court, it was not supported by Jahangir, although it likely needed his approval.

 

Shah Jahan period

Shah Jahan‘s first influence to the fort inaugurated in the year of his coronation, 1628, and constant until 1645. Shah Jahan first ordered the construction of the Diwan-i-Aam in the style of a Chehel Sotoun – a Persian style 40-pillar public audience hall. Though the building of the Shah Burj started under Jahangir, Shah Jahan was annoyed with its design and elected Asif Khan to supervise rebuilding. Shah Jahan’s Shah Burj forms a quadrangle with the well-known Sheesh Mahal and Naulakha Pavilion. Both are connected to Shah Jahan, although the Naulakha Pavilion may be a later expanding possibly from the Sikh era. The white marble Moti Masjid, or Pearl Mosque, also date of the Shah Jahan period.

 

Aurangzeb period

The fort’s iconic Alamgiri Gate was constructed when the reign of Emperor Aurangzeb.

Emperor Aurangzeb constructed the Alamgiri Gate,[18] whose semi-circular towers and domed arcades are a widely identified representative of Lahore that was once featured on Pakistani currency.

 

Sikh era

The Mughals fell the fort to the Afghan Durranis, who in turn briefly fell the fort to Maratha armies before being recovered by the Durranis. The fort was then taken by the Bhangi Misl – one of the 12 Sikh Misls of Punjab that commanded Lahore from 1767 until 1799. The fort surrendered to the army of Ranjit Singh, who took Lahore from the Bhangi Misl in 1799. Maharaja Duleep Singh was born at that fort’s Jind Kaur Haveli in 1838. Duleep Singh had approved the Treaty of Bhyroval in 1847 that made the Sikh empire to a useful end. The fort and the city had rested under the control of Ranjit Singh’s family till the defeat of the Sikh empire in 1849.

During their control of the fort, the Sikhs repurposed divisions of the fort for their personal use. The fort’s grand Moti Masjid was effectively changed into a Sikh gurdwara, while Ranjit Singh used the fort’s Summer Palace as his own residency. The Sehdari pavilion, or “Three-doored” pavilion, was added to the fort as a Sikh rule. The fort’s Naag Temple was also built during the Sikh rule, while the Mai Jindan Haveli was greatly changed during Sikh rule. The fort’s Diwan-i-Aam was slaughtered in 1841 when the son of Ranjit Singh, Sher Singh attacked the fort in his battle against Chand Kaur.

 

Modern era

Hollows in 1959 in front of Diwan-i-Am led to the development of a gold coin dated 1025 CE relating to Mahmud of Ghazvani. The coin was discovered at the depth of 25 feet (7.6 m) from the lawn. The cultural layers were consecutive to the depth of 15 feet (4.6 m) symbolizing that the fort was occupied by people even before his victory. While relaying the degenerated floor of Akbari Gate in April 2007, three floors in the fort were discovered relating to the British, Sikh and Mughal eras. The floor of the British, Sikh and Mughal periods was built with bricks, burnt bricks and pebbles individually. The latter either constructed during Jahangir’s or Shah Jahan’s period was the hallmark of Mughals.